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Music in

1900 - 2000


Music in Films

Howard Shore 

Howard Shore is a Canadian composer, born in Toronto. He was born in a Jewish family. He studied music at the Berklee College of Music, a college of contemporary music located in Boston.
In 1978, Shore started his career as a film score composer, with scoring the B-movie " I Miss You, Hugs and Kisses" (1978). His next film score was composed for the horror film "The Brood" (1979). Shore had a good working relationship with the film's director David Cronenberg. Cronenberg would continue to use Shore as the composer of most of his films, with the exception of "The Dead Zone" (1983).
In the 1980s, Shore also composed the film scores of works by other directors, such as "After Hours" (1985) by Martin Scorsese, and "Big" (1988) by Penny Marshall. He received more acclaim for composing the film score for "The Silence of the Lambs" (1991), a major hit of its era. Shore was nominated for a BAFTA award for this film score.


Shore received even more critical acclaim in the 2000s, when he composed the film score for fantasy film "The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring" (2001). He won an Academy Award and a Grammy for the film score, and received nominations for a BAFTA award and a Golden Globe. Shore continued his career with the film scores of acclaimed films "Gangs of New York" (2002), "The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers" (2002), and "The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King" (2003). He received his second Academy Award for the film score of "The Return of the King", and his third Academy Award as the composer of hit song "Into the West". He won several other major awards for these film scores. His film scores for "The Lord of the Rings" trilogy are considered the most famous and successful works of his career.For the rest of the 2000s, Shore closely collaborated with director Martin Scorsese. Shore won a Golden Globe for the film score of Scorsese's "The Aviator" (2004). In the 2010s, Shore continues to work regularly, mostly known for composing film scores for works by directors David Cronenberg, Martin Scorsese, and Peter Jackson. He was the main composer for "The Hobbit" trilogy by Peter Jackson, and the fantasy film "The Twilight Saga: Eclipse" (2010) by David Slade.

Howard Shore - Film Scores

Part I - Howard Shore - The Silence of the Lambs
Part II - Howard Shore and David Cronenberg
Part III - Howard Shore and Martin Scorsese
Part IV - Howard Shore and Peter Jackson

1979  The Brood - David Cronenberg
1981  Scanners - David Cronenberg
1983 Videodrome - David Cronenberg
1985 After Hours -  Martin Scorsese
1986 The Fly - David Cronenberg
1988 Dead Ringers - David Cronenberg
1991 The Silence of the Lambs - Jonathan Demme
1991 Naked Lunch - David Cronenberg
1993 M. Butterfly - David Cronenberg
1996 Crash - David Cronenberg
1999 eXistenZ - David Cronenberg
2001 The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring - Peter Jackson
2002 Gangs of New York -  Martin Scorsese
2002 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers - Peter Jackson
2002 Spider - David Cronenberg
2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King - Peter Jackson
2004 The Aviator -  Martin Scorsese
2005  A History of Violence - David Cronenberg
2006 The Departed -  Martin Scorsese
2007 Eastern Promises - David Cronenberg
2011 Hugo -  Martin Scorsese
2011 A Dangerous Method - David PCronenberg
2012 Cosmopolis - David Cronenberg
2012 The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey - Peter Jackson
2013 The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug - Peter Jackson
2014  Maps to the Stars - David Cronenberg
2014 The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies - Peter Jackson


Part I - Howard Shore - The Silence of the Lambs


The Silence of the Lambs

The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 American psychological horror-thriller film directed by Jonathan Demme from a screenplay written by Ted Tally, adapted from Thomas Harris's 1988 novel of the same name. The film stars Jodie Foster, Anthony Hopkins, Scott Glenn, Ted Levine, and Anthony Heald. In the film, Clarice Starling, a young FBI trainee, seeks the advice of the imprisoned Dr. Hannibal Lecter, a brilliant psychiatrist and cannibalistic serial killer to apprehend another serial killer, known only as "Buffalo Bill", who skins his female victims' corpses. 

It is regularly cited by critics, film directors, and audiences alike as one of the greatest and most influential films of all time. In 2018, Empire ranked it 48th, on their list of 500 greatest movies of all time. The American Film Institute, ranked it as the 5th greatest and most influential thriller film of all time while the characters Clarice Starling and Hannibal Lecter were ranked as the greatest film heroine and villain respectively. The film is considered "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant by the U.S. Library of Congress and was selected to be preserved in the National Film Registry in 2011.

The musical score for The Silence of the Lambs was composed by Howard Shore. Recorded in Munich during the latter half of the summer of 1990, the score was performed by the Munich Symphony Orchestra. "I tried to write in a way that goes right into the fabric of the movie," explained Shore on his approach. "I tried to make the music just fit in. When you watch the movie you are not aware of the music. You get your feelings from all elements simultaneously, lighting, cinematography, costumes, acting, music. 

The Silence of the Lambs

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 1

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 2

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 3

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 4

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 5

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 6

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 7

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 8

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 11

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 12

The Silence of the Lambs

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 9

The Silence of the Lambs - Soundtrack - 10


Part II - Howard Shore and David Cronenberg

David Paul Cronenberg, (born March 15, 1943) is a Canadian filmmaker, writer, and actor. He is one of the principal originators of what is commonly known as the body horror genre, with his films exploring visceral bodily transformation, infection, technology, and the intertwining of the psychological with the physical. In the first third of his career, he explored these themes mostly through horror and science fiction films such as Scanners (1981) and Videodrome (1983), although his work has since expanded beyond these genres.

Cronenberg's films have polarized audiences and critics alike; he has earned critical acclaim and has sparked controversy for his depictions of gore and violence. The Village Voice called him "the most audacious and challenging narrative director in the English-speaking world". His films have won numerous awards, including, for Crash, the Special Jury Prize at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival, a unique award that is distinct from the Jury Prize as it is not given annually, but only at the request of the official jury, who in this case gave the award "for originality, for daring and for audacity". The award has not been given since.

1979 The Brood
1981 Scanners
1983 Videodrome
1986 The Fly
1988 Dead Ringers
1991 Naked Lunch
1993 M. Butterfly
1996 Crash
1999 eXistenZ
2002 Spider
2005 A History of Violence
2007 Eastern Promises
2011 A Dangerous Method
2012 Cosmopolis
2014 Maps to the Stars



The Brood

The Brood is a 1979 Canadian science fiction psychological horror film written and directed by David Cronenberg, and starring Oliver Reed, Samantha Eggar, and Art Hindle. The film follows a man uncovering an eccentric psychologist's therapy techniques on his institutionalized wife, amidst a series of brutal murders committed from an offspring of mutant children that coincides with the investigation. The film's soundtrack was composed by Howard Shore, in his film score debut.

Released in 1979 from New World Pictures, the film initially received mixed reviews from critics. Over the years, later reviews were more favourable regarding the film.

The Brood - Soundtrack by Howard Shore 

The Brood (1979) - trailer

The Brood 1979



Scanners is a 1981 Canadian science-fiction horror film written and directed by David Cronenberg and starring Stephen Lack, Jennifer O'Neill, Michael Ironside, and Patrick McGoohan. In the film, "scanners" are people with unusual telepathic and telekinetic powers. ConSec, a purveyor of weaponry and security systems, searches out scanners to use them for its own purposes. The film's plot concerns the attempt by Darryl Revok (Ironside), a renegade scanner, to wage a war against ConSec. Another scanner, Cameron Vale (Lack), is dispatched by ConSec to stop Revok.

Scanners - Soundtrack by Howard Shore 

Scanners (1981) trailer



Videodrome is a 1983 Canadian science fiction body horror film written and directed by David Cronenberg, and starring James Woods, Sonja Smits, and Deborah Harry. Set in Toronto during the early 1980s, it follows the CEO of a small UHF television station who stumbles upon a broadcast signal featuring extreme violence and torture. The layers of deception and mind-control conspiracy unfold as he uncovers the signal's source, and loses touch with reality in a series of increasingly bizarre and violent organic hallucinations. The film has been described as "techno-surrealist".

Howard Shore – Videodrome (1982)

Videodrome 1983 Trailer


The Fly

The Fly is a 1986 American science-fiction body horror film directed and co-written by David Cronenberg. Produced by Brooksfilms and distributed by 20th Century Fox, the film stars Jeff Goldblum, Geena Davis and John Getz. Loosely based on George Langelaan's 1957 short story of the same name, the film tells of an eccentric scientist who, after one of his experiments goes wrong, slowly turns into a fly-hybrid creature. The score was composed by Howard Shore and the make-up effects were created by Chris Walas, along with makeup artist Stephan Dupuis.

The film was released on August 15, 1986 to massive acclaim by critics and audiences, with praise mainly regarding the special effects and Goldblum's performance. It grossed $60.6 million at the box office against its nine-million-dollar budget, becoming the largest commercial success of Cronenberg's career. Walas and Dupuis' work on the film resulted in their winning an Academy Award for Best Makeup, the only film directed by Cronenberg to win an Oscar. A sequel, directed by Walas, was released in 1989.

Howard Shore – The Fly - Soundtrack - 1

Howard Shore –  The Fly - Soundtrack - 2

Howard Shore – The Fly - Soundtrack - 1

Howard Shore – The Fly - Soundtrack - 1

Howard Shore – The Fly - Soundtrack - 1

The Fly - Ending


Dead Ringers

Dead Ringers is a 1988 Canadian-American psychological horror film starring Jeremy Irons in a dual role as identical twin gynecologists. David Cronenberg directed and co-wrote the screenplay with Norman Snider. Their script was based on the lives of Stewart and Cyril Marcus and on the novel Twins by Bari Wood and Jack Geasland, a "highly fictionalized" version of the Marcus' story.

The film won numerous honors, including for Irons' performance, and 10 Genie Awards, notably Best Motion Picture. Toronto International Film Festival critics have ranked it among the Top 10 Canadian Films of All Time.

Dead Ringers (1988) - Official Trailer 

Dead Ringers - Complete Score by Howard Shore


Naked Lunch

Naked Lunch is a 1991 drama film co-written and directed by David Cronenberg and starring Peter Weller, Judy Davis, Ian Holm, and Roy Scheider. It is an adaptation of William S. Burroughs' 1959 novel of the same name, and an international co-production of Canada, Britain and Japan.

The film was released on December 27, 1991, in the United States and April 24, 1992, in the United Kingdom by 20th Century Fox. It received positive reviews from critics, but was a box office bomb, garnering only $2.6 million out of a $17–18 million budget due to a limited release. It won numerous honours, including the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director and seven Genie Awards, notably Best Motion Picture. Naked Lunch has since become a cult film.

Naked Lunch (1991) Trailer

Naked Lunch - Soundtrack - Howard Shore 
Ornette Coleman - The London Philharmonic Orchestra
01. Naked Lunch  0:00 - 2:28
02. Hauser and O'Brien Bugpowder 2:29 - 5:08
03. Mugwumps 5:09 - 8:03
04. Centipede 8:04 - 10:07
05. The Black Meat 10:08 - 11:32
06. Simpatico Misterioso 11:33 - 13:08
07. Fadela's Coven 13:09 - 16:40
08. Interzone Suite 16:41 - 21:53
09. William Tell 21:54 - 23:37
10. Mujahaddin 23:38 - 25:34
11. Intersong 25:35 - 29:22
12. Dr. Benway 29:23 - 32:36
13. Clark Nova Dies 32:37 - 34:41
14. Ballad /Joan 34:42 - 37:21
15. Cloquet's Parrots Midnight Sunrise 37:22 - 39:07
16. Nothing Is True; Everything Is Permitted 39:08 - 41:03
17. Welcome to Annexia 41:04 - 44:39
18. Writeman 44:40 -  48:32


M. Butterfly 

M. Butterfly is a 1993 American romantic drama film directed by David Cronenberg. The screenplay was written by David Henry Hwang based on his play of the same name. The film stars Jeremy Irons and John Lone, with Ian Richardson, Barbara Sukowa, and Annabel Leventon.

M. Butterfly (1993) Official Trailer

"M. Butterfly" composed, orchestrated and conducted by Howard Shore.
Performed by the London Philharmonic Orchestra.



Crash is a 1996 psychological thriller film written and directed by David Cronenberg based on J. G. Ballard's 1973 novel of the same name. It tells the story of a group of people who take sexual pleasure from car crashes, a notable form of paraphilia. The film stars James Spader, Deborah Kara Unger, Elias Koteas, Holly Hunter, and Rosanna Arquette.

The film generated considerable controversy upon its release and opened to mixed and highly divergent reactions from critics. While some praised the film for its daring premise and originality, others criticized its combination of graphic sexuality and violence. It premiered at the Cannes Film Festival, where it received the Special Jury Prize, a unique award that is distinct from the Jury Prize as it is not given annually, but only at the request of the official jury (for example, the previous year, both a Jury Prize and a Special Jury Prize were awarded). When then jury president Francis Ford Coppola announced the award "for originality, for daring and for audacity," he stated that it had been a controversial choice and that certain jury members, "did abstain very passionately." The award has not been given since. It received six Genie Awards from the Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television, including awards for Cronenberg as director and screenwriter; the film was also nominated in two further categories, including Best Picture.

Crash 1996

Crash - Soundtrack - Howard Shore

Crash - Soundtrack - Howard Shore

Crash - Soundtrack - Howard Shore

Crash - Soundtrack - Howard Shore

Crash - Soundtrack - Howard Shore

Crash - Soundtrack - Howard Shore



Existenz (stylized as eXistenZ) is a 1999 science fiction body horror film produced, written and directed by the Canadian filmmaker David Cronenberg. It stars Jennifer Jason Leigh and Jude Law. As in Videodrome (1983), Cronenberg gives his psychological statement about how humans react and interact with the technologies that surround them, in this case, the world of video games. eXistenZ was his last original screenplay until Cosmopolis (2012).

eXistenZ  by Howard Shore

eXistenZ  - 3

eXistenZ  - 4

eXistenZ  - 7

eXistenZ  - 8

eXistenZ  - 1

eXistenZ  - 2

eXistenZ  - 5

eXistenZ  - 6

eXistenZ  - 9

eXistenZ  - 10



Spider is a 2002 Canadian-British psychological thriller film produced and directed by David Cronenberg and based on the novel of the same name by Patrick McGrath, who also wrote the screenplay.

The film premiered at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival and enjoyed some media buzz; however, it was released in only a few cinemas at the year's end by distributor Sony Pictures Classics. Nonetheless, the film enjoyed much acclaim by critics and especially by Cronenberg enthusiasts. The film garnered a Best Director award at the Canadian Genie Awards. The stars of the film, Ralph Fiennes and particularly Miranda Richardson, received several awards for their work in the film.

Spider - Trailer 

Spider - Howard  Shore - Soundtrack

1. Love Will Find Out The Way 00:00
2. Kitchener Street 03:21
3. Mrs Wilkinsons Kitchen 04:42
4. Gasworks 05:32
5. Hieroglyphics 09:53
6. Spleen Street 12:29
7. Mrs Cleg 16:11
8. The Dog And Beggar 19:42
9. The Allotments 22:49
10. The Earl Of Rochester 25:28
11. Infected Memory 29:25
12. Fade To Black 32:45


A History of Violence

A History of Violence is a 2005 American crime thriller film directed by David Cronenberg and written by Josh Olson. It is an adaptation of the 1997 graphic novel A History of Violence by John Wagner and Vince Locke. The film stars Viggo Mortensen as the owner of a small-town diner who is thrust into the spotlight after confronting two robbers in self-defense, thus changing his life forever.

The film was in the main competition for the 2005 Palme d'Or. The film was put into limited release in the United States on September 23, 2005, and wide release on September 30, 2005.

William Hurt was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, while Olson was nominated for Best Adapted Screenplay. The Los Angeles Times has called it the last major Hollywood film to be released on VHS. Mortensen himself praised it as "one of the best movies [he's] ever been in, if not the best", also declaring it was a "perfect film noir" or "close to perfect".

A History of Violence - Trailer

A History of Violence -  soundtrack - Howard Shore 


Eastern Promises

Eastern Promises is a 2007 British-Canadian-American gangster film directed by David Cronenberg, from a screenplay written by Steven Knight. The film stars Viggo Mortensen, Naomi Watts, Vincent Cassel, Sinéad Cusack and Armin Mueller-Stahl. It tells a story of a Russian-British midwife, Anna (Watts), who delivers the baby of a drug-addicted 14-year old Russian prostitute who dies in childbirth. After Anna learns that the teen was lured into prostitution by the Russian Mafia in London, the leader of the Russian gangsters (Mueller-Stahl) threatens the baby's life to keep Anna from telling the police about their sex trafficking ring. As Anna tries to protect the baby, she is enmeshed deeper into the criminal underworld, and she is threatened by the Mafia leader's son (Cassel) and warned off by the son's strong-arm man (Mortensen).

Principal photography began in November 2006, in locations in and around London. The film has been noted for its plot twist, the subject of sex trafficking, and for its violence and realistic depiction of Russian career criminals, which includes detailed portrayal of the tattoos which indicate their crimes and criminal status. Eastern Promises received positive critical reception, appearing on several critics' "top 10 films" lists for 2007. The film has won several awards, including the Audience Prize for best film at the Toronto International Film Festival and the Best Actor award for Mortensen at the British Independent Film Awards. The film received twelve Genie Award nominations and three Golden Globe Award nominations. Mortensen was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor.

Eastern Promises - Official Trailer

Howard Shore - Eastern Promises - Suite


A Dangerous Method 

A Dangerous Method is a 2011 German-Canadian historical film directed by David Cronenberg and starring Keira Knightley, Viggo Mortensen, Michael Fassbender, and Vincent Cassel. The screenplay was adapted by writer Christopher Hampton from his 2002 stage play The Talking Cure, which was based on the 1993 non-fiction book by John Kerr, A Most Dangerous Method: The story of Jung, Freud, and Sabina Spielrein.

The film marks the third consecutive collaboration between Cronenberg and Viggo Mortensen (after A History of Violence and Eastern Promises). This is also the third Cronenberg film made with British film producer Jeremy Thomas, after completing together the William Burroughs adaptation Naked Lunch and the J. G. Ballard adaptation Crash. A Dangerous Method was a German/Canadian co-production. The film premiered at the 68th Venice Film Festival and was also featured at the 2011 Toronto International Film Festival.

Set on the eve of World War I, A Dangerous Method describes the turbulent relationships between Carl Jung, founder of analytical psychology; Sigmund Freud, founder of the discipline of psychoanalysis; and Sabina Spielrein, initially a patient of Jung and later a physician and one of the first female psychoanalysts.

Among the film's many honors, Mortensen was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture for his portrayal of Freud.

A Dangerous Method  - Trailer - 2011

A Dangerous Method - Howard Shore - Soundtrack

1. Burghölzli – 1:23
2. Miss Spielrein – 1:36
3. Galvanometer – 1:04
4. Carriage – 1:07
5. He’s Very Persuasive – 2:13
6. Sabina – 0:57
7. Otto Gross – 2:47
8. A Boat with Red Sails – 1:01
9. Siegfried – 1:01
10. Freedom – 1:13
11. End of the Affair – 1:05
12. Letters – 2:24
13. Confession – 1:30
14. Risk My Authority – 1:10
15. Vienna – 1:09
16. Only One God – 2:26
17. Something Unforgivable – 2:50
18. Reflection – 5:57
19. Siegfried Idyll By Richard Wagner – Howard Shore & Lang Lang – 32:04



Cosmopolis is a 2012 drama-thriller film written, produced, and directed by David Cronenberg and starring Robert Pattinson in the lead with Paul Giamatti, Samantha Morton, Sarah Gadon, Mathieu Amalric, Juliette Binoche, Jay Baruchel and Kevin Durand. It is based on the novel of the same name by Don DeLillo. On 25 May 2012, the film premiered in competition for the Palme d'Or at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival, drawing mixed early critical reactions.[7] The film was released in Canada on 8 June 2012, and began a limited release in the United States on 17 August 2012 by eOne Films. It is Cronenberg's first foray into script writing since 1999's eXistenZ.

Cosmopolis - Official Trailer

Cosmopolis - Howard Shore - 1

Cosmopolis - Howard Shore - 2

Cosmopolis - Howard Shore - 3

Cosmopolis - Howard Shore - 4

Cosmopolis - Howard Shore - 5

Cosmopolis - Howard Shore - 6

Cosmopolis - Howard Shore - 7

Cosmopolis - Howard Shore - 8

Cosmopolis - Howard Shore - 9

Cosmopolis - Howard Shore - 10

Cosmopolis - Howard Shore - 11
01 White Limos
02 Long to Live
03 Rat Men
04 Asymmetrical
05 I Don't Want to Wake Up
06 A Credible Threat
07 Call Me Home
08 Haircut
09 Mecca
10 The Gun
11 Benno


Maps to the Stars

Maps to the Stars is a 2014 internationally co-produced satirical drama film directed by David Cronenberg, and starring Julianne Moore, Mia Wasikowska, John Cusack, Robert Pattinson, Olivia Williams, Sarah Gadon, and Evan Bird. The screenplay was written by Bruce Wagner, who had written a novel entitled Dead Stars based on the Maps to the Stars script, after initial plans for making the film with Cronenberg fell through.

This is the second consecutive collaboration between Cronenberg and Pattinson (after Cosmopolis) and marks the third collaboration between Cronenberg and Prospero Pictures, who previously collaborated on A Dangerous Method and Cosmopolis. This is also the third Cronenberg film made with Canadian actress Sarah Gadon. It is the first Cronenberg film shot partially in the United States, although most of it was shot, like his other films, in his native city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The film concerns the plight of a child star and a washed up actress while commenting on the entertainment industry's relationship with Western civilization as a whole. The film premiered in competition for the Palme d'Or at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival on May 19, 2014. Moore won the festival's Best Actress Award. Following its premiere at Cannes, the film had a theatrical release in France on May 21, 2014.

MAPS TO THE STARS - Official Trailer

Howard Shore - Stolen Waters - Maps to the Stars

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